We are facing a time of great uncertainty. This new situation, unknown and new to everyone, can cause aspects such as stress or anxiety to be accentuated significantly. If we add that you are pregnant , doubts and questions can flood your head . It is very important to be well informed through official bodies about how confinement and COVID-19 affect during pregnancy. For this reason, I will try to resolve doubts and, at the same time, give some advice on how to best cope with this situation.
Am I more at risk of getting infected?
The first question that every pregnant girl will have is if there is a greater probability of being infected by coronavirus (COVID-19) during pregnancy. The truth is that there is little data on pregnant women who have suffered from COVID-19 but, what little there is, seems to indicate that there is no more probability of becoming infected while pregnant. And if this were the case, the disease would be passed on as a young and healthy person, as long as there are no previous pathologies.
Can COVID-19 be transmitted to the fetus?
Another question that surely may arise is whether the COVID-19 virus can be transmitted to the fetus. At the moment, there is not enough evidence to say that the virus is transmitted from mother to fetus during the third trimester of pregnancy. In fact, in two studies published in February on 18 cases of COVID-19 in pregnant women in the third trimester, it is evidence that none developed severe pneumonia, died or had a child with the disease. Even so, it is always advisable to go to your gynecologist or midwife for more information.
What precautions do I have to take to avoid COVID-19 if I am pregnant?
As a general recommendation, pregnant women should take the same precautions as the rest of the population . Always trying not to leave the house or be in contact with other people. If, even so, you have to leave the house, the recommendations are: wash your hands well with soap and water or with a disinfectant and frequently, keep a protective distance from other people, cover your mouth and nose with your elbow flexed or with a tissue when coughing or sneezing. It is important to always bear in mind that if any symptoms such as fever, cough or general malaise appear, it is necessary to have medical assistance.
Practical tips for pregnancy during confinement
- When we are at home, sometimes out of boredom , we can go to the pantry several times a day and eat. This doesn’t have to be bad, as long as they are healthy snacks . So here is my first tip: always have healthy snacks on hand that provide us with a good dose of nutrients for both the future mother and the fetus. Here are some examples:
- Cut fruit in a tupperware in the fridge.
- Hummus with carrot sticks and celery.
- Yogurt with nuts.
- Chia pudding with fruit.
- Milkshake, banana, strawberries and oatmeal.
- Toast with tomato and avocado
- Cherry tomatoes
- Moving around and not sitting on the couch. You have a lot of videos on social networks to do a little sport at home. Go ahead and move your skeleton! Pilates is usually very good, as long as they are classes for pregnant women since there are positions that change during pregnancy.
- Take the opportunity to do pelvic floor exercises. Set yourself a daily routine and always do them at the same time so it’s easy to remember. These exercises will help you to strengthen the pelvic area, so important during labor and postpartum.
- Eat 5 servings of fruits and vegetables. The consumption of these foods will provide you with fiber, vitamins and minerals, essential to maintain a good immune system, as well as prevent possible constipation (very common in pregnancy).
- Eat 5 meals a day and try to make the times the same each day to maintain a correct daily routine.
- Remember nuts, whole grains and legumes that will provide you with healthy fats, fiber, vitamins and minerals.
- Stay calm and avoid stress. Doing relaxation and breathing exercises can help you. Yoga for pregnant women is advisable because it relaxes you while you stretch and keeps you active.
Remember that the World Health Organization (WHO) insists that pregnant women and those who have recently given birth , including those affected by COVID-19, must attend their routine medical appointments , and not suspend them due to the pandemic .